Alexandria extends about 20 miles along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in north-central Egypt. It is home to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. Situated between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea, Alexandria was also an important trading post between Europe and Asia.
In ancient times, Alexandria was one of the most famous cities in the world. It was founded around a small town in 332 BC by Alexander the Great. It remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years.
Since its foundation Alexandria remained for many centuries a center of cultural radiation in the whole world.
Today Alexandria is considered the second capital of Egypt. It is distinguished by its strategic location, moderate climate and its beautiful fine sandy beaches which made it worthy of its well merited title "Pearl of the Mediterranean".